The move toward a stronger, more transparent government might be happening sooner than you think. In March of 2016, President Barack Obama announced the launch of "The Opportunity Project," a new initiative which seeks to improve economic mobility for all citizens with the use of digital tools and data sets.
This project aims to capitalize on the trend of open data and making public information available to the public. Its goal is to leverage the latest technology and trends to provide data points across various fields of study such as employment, housing, schools and transportation.
Why Does Open Data Matter?
The key to any change first begins with observation. The data we collect allows us to analyze complex human patterns and behavior. Without data, there’s nothing to be observed.
For some time, the government has been gathering large amounts of data. But now, they’re officially making that data accessible to the citizen. In a real sense, the citizen is enabled to participate in policymaking and effect the changes they want to see within the civic structure. In a symbolic sense, it is a tacit acknowledgment of the public's vital role in shaping our nation and spreads a sense of empowerment and privilege to the masses.
Moreover, open data is crucial because it’s a step toward transparency within our local and federal institutions that has traditionally been lacking. The administration vowed to publish information in a manner that the public can easily find and use, which also translates into greater accountability from the public.
Benefits of Open Data
According to Govtech, the benefits of government open data include “improved measurement of policies, better government efficiency, deeper analytical insights, greater citizen participation, and a boost to local companies by way of products and services that use government data.” In terms of numbers, there's a report of the UK public sector data being valued at £6.8 billion, with McKinsey predicting an open-data centric global market to drive anywhere from $3 to $5 trillion annually.
In principle, open data should enable both the citizen and government to more easily collaborate. It allows citizens to play a more active role in getting involved and making changes. (Of course, this presumes a certain level of willingness and commitment from the citizen.) With data readily available, citizens are better equipped to identify issues and tackle them without solely relying on government authority.
For developers, armed with a combination of open data and proper digital tools, they’re enabled to build apps that can address inefficiencies and improve the community. Already, we're seeing a torrent of apps and projects being developed in both public and private sectors.
Successful Open Data Examples & Projects
Thanks to open data, many ideas once considered inconvenient or improbable have turned into reality. The following are some highly successful projects centered around open data, spanning all types and industries.
- Citymapper - A popular real-time public transport app that helps you navigate a city. It includes features like A to B trip planning with ETA, real-time departures, bike routing, transit maps, line status and real-time disruption alerts, and even Uber integration. Citymapper uses data from Apple, Cyclestreets, Google, OpenStreetMaps and other sources, and it works on iOS, Android and the web.
- Dataverse Project - Developed at Harvard's Institute for Quantitative Social Science (IQSS), Dataverse Project aims to share, explore and analyze research data. As quoted on their site: "It facilitates making data available to others, and allows you to replicate others' work."
- Liveplasma - With this interactive search engine, you can listen to music see a web-like visualization of similar music/artists and how the artists are related. It streams content from YouTube into the data visualizations.
- Provenance - An online platform based in England that allows users to trace the origins and history of a product, including where the item was manufactured and who manufactured it. Their mission is to encourage corporations and brands to be more transparent about their practices.
These are a few examples of open data's extensive reach and its potential impact far beyond just the government sector. This not only results in incremental improvements to civic infrastructures, but will provide a boon to the economy with increased jobs and reduction in wasteful spending.
Though open data is a great step, it's not the ultimate solution to public or government inefficiencies. The power to solve problems begins with people. This policy by the administration will equip those who are under-resourced, but if people aren't willing to participate, the data won't be useful. Hopefully, citizens will see this as a "call to arms" to engage our systems and make change for a better world.
Resources for Understanding Open Data
Here’s a list of resources that should be helpful for anyone exploring the world of open data. These links offer several references, from definitions and explanations to advice and best practices:
- Code for America - A national non-profit that organizes people who build technology to connect on projects that promote "healthy, safe, and prosperous" communities.
- Data Coalition - A lobbying group working with legislators to advocate for data publication of government information.
- Open Definition - This site offers many examples of open licenses for reference and use.
- Open Data Institute - Find helpful definitions, tools, tips and classes on data use.
- Sunlight Foundation - Another national non-profit that uses various tools to enable transparency in government and politics. Their work spans the local, state, federal and international levels.